These are my top picks for veggies and fruits to grow at home, from tomatoes to greens. Growing your own edibles gives you veggies and fruits that taste so delicious. Whether you have a large area, or a small plot, you too can grow your own favorites.
Few things taste sweeter than a plump, sun-warmed strawberry picked at peak of ripeness; it’s dessert right off the plant.
If there was ever a fruit to grow yourself, this is it; most commercial varieties are subjected to too many pesticides. ‘Quinault’ is a flavorful everbearing variety, but i also love ‘Sequoia’ (a June-bearing variety, one of the tastiest around) and ‘Seascape’, tasty fresh and in jams. Zones A1-A3, 1-9, 14-24, H1, H2.
Standard strawberries yield 5 to 10 quarts of berries per 10 ft. of matted row
Make room for at least one cuke in your summer garden and you won’t regret it; think of all those ways to serve the fruits―as appetizers (sliced and topped with deviled eggs), in salads, and cold soups.
Vining types ramble to 25 feet or so (or choose a bush type). We love the round, yellow, mild- flavored Lemon cuke, and the long, pale green Armenian cukes. All zones.
Plant 5-6 seeds in hills 6-8 inches high and 3-6 ft. apart. Thin to the 2 strongest plants.
The large, deep purple fruits of ‘Black Beauty’ and small, slender ‘Hansel’ are stunners. Both are delicious grilled in olive oil, or paired with ripe tomatoes in Eggplant Parmigiana.
To produce a crop, plants need 2 to 3 months of warm days and nights. A well-spaced row of these eggplants makes an ornamental border. zones 1-24, H1, H2.
Start from nursery-grown plants; they’re much easier than seeds.
Cantaloupes taste so sweet and juicy when fully ripe, they’re worth the long wait―4 months of steady heat― to harvest. We love ‘Ambrosia’ for its fragrant, extra-sweet flesh. But ‘Lil’ Loupe’ fruits are smaller beauties, each not much bigger than a baseball. Zones 2-24.
Compact early cantaloupes thrive in containers at least 18 inches wide and deep; a half wine barrel works well. Let vines ramble over the edges, or trellis them.
‘Sun Gold’ cherry tomatoes are pure candy for tomato-lovers; their 1-inch golden-red fruits, which hang in clusters on vining plants, have unsurpassed sweetness.
Pop the ripe fruits in your mouth fresh off the plant. All zones.
Make planting holes extra deep, then carefully pinch of the lowest 2 sets of leaves. Set in seedlings so that the lowest remaining leaves are just above soil level. Roots will form on the buried stems.
What’s a summer picnic outdoors without watermelon? And we don’t mean just any watermelon, but the cute, ‘PureHeart Seedless’ variety whose round fruits are mini or personal- sized. Vining plants need room to sprawl, though. Zones 1-24, H1, H2.
To save ground space, grow small melons on sun-bathed trellises; support the heavy fruit in individual cloth slings.
All it takes is one or two zucchini plants to deliver a bumper crop, but, yes, they’re worth the effort.
Plants are easy to grow, and you can eat both the fruits and blossoms. We’re partial to yellow types such as ‘Gold Rush’ (territorial), which bears golden yellow zukes with white flesh on compact plants. All zones.
If you only have room to grow one basil plant, make it ‘Genovese’; this variety is the best for making pesto and bruschetta, dropping into tomato salads and more.
Glossy green leaves make showy garnishes, too. The plant thrives in pots, and makes a pretty edging in herb beds. All zones as an annual; zones 13-17, 19, 23, and 24 as a perennial.
Leaf production stops when flowers come into bloom, so pinch out flower spikes as they form.
Of all the mint we grow, two are hands down favorites. Chocolate mint, because its leaves recall the scent and taste of a peppermint patty. And spearmints (pictured), whose quilted, dark green leaves add freshness to cold drinks and jellies; ‘Kentucky Colonel’ is the best in mojitos.
Leaves of this shrubby perennial are flavorful and aromatic. But what we love most is their gray green leaves with creamy white borders; new foliage is flushed with purplish pink. It makes a pretty edging for eggplants. Zones 2-24, H1, H2.
Plant from nursery containers with the base of the plant slightly above the ground’s surface.
Love the Northern Highbush types such as ‘Bluecrop’; the shrubs grow to 6 feet tall and need winter chill to bear fruit. But their large blueberries have a delicious sweet-tart flavor, and they’re high in antioxidants.
In mild climates, try a Southern Highbush type such as ‘Sharpblue’. (Sunset climate zones 2-9, 14-17), or Rabbiteye blueberries (zones 8, 9, 14-24 ).
Blueberries have fine roots near the surface. Avoid cultivating the soil around them, and apply a 3- to 4-in. thick layer of mulch to conserve moisture.
‘Eureka’ is aptly named; this lemon tree rarely without gorgeous yellow fruits in the right climates; it literally bears all year.
The standard market variety, it grows 20 feet tall. As a dwarf, it’s a dense tree with large dark leaves. Zones 8,9,12-24, H1, H2.
Fruits ripen only on the tree. Judge ripeness by taste, not rind color. (Many varieties may turn yellow before they are ripe.)
All leaf lettuces (ones that grow in loose rosettes rather than heads) are great in salads, but ‘Oak Leaf’, ‘Red Deer Tongue’, and ‘Red Sails’ are especially pretty when tossed together. Fresh cut as baby greens, they’re sweet and tender.
Plant in sun; part shade in hottest climates; all climate zones.
Nursery starts often have 2 or 3 plants to a cell. Tease them apart and plant separately for a bigger crop.
In warm regions, plant cool season crops from late summer to early fall for harvest in late fall, winter, or early spring.
FOR COOLER CLIMATES WHY NOT TRY:
In coldest regions where cool summers are the norm (Alaska, for example), plant cool season crops in May or June for summer harvest.
- Arugula (rocket)
- Brussels sprouts
- Celery (mild winter climates)
- Mustard greens
- Onions (bulbing)
- Onions (bunching–standard onions harvested before they form bulbs).
- Pak choi (Bok choy)
- Coriander (cilantro)
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